Find out about the career opportunities that are right for you.

Here are some possible destinations for your next job after MIHMEP, to provide you with an overview of the most common jobs held by some recent MIHMEP graduates as well as with some inspiration about career possibilities linked to your Specialization.

We trust that viewing career profiles can be beneficial for your career action plan: you will have the opportunity to explore diverse career options, share insights into how to make career decision, and eventually increase the worth of your MIHMEP.

 

Management

Controller /Budgeting Officer: cost control, cost containment, budget analyst, capital budget request, cash budget. This position also involves: budgeting cycle, budget negotiation, cost accounting system and activity based costing system. It is a staff position that interacts with professionals and with top management of healthcare organizations.

Innovation Officer: lean, quality, clinical pathways. This position is mainly related to non-financial indicators aimed at assessing the performance at corporate and unit levels. It is a staff position reporting directly to the CEO and CMO of healthcare organizations. It is mainly related to implementing tools and techniques aimed at improving the value provided to patients. This position is usually in charge of introducing dashboards at every level of the organization.

Staff Officer: this position is aimed at supporting clinical decisions mainly at department level producing reports, data, and inputs. It represents the link between top managers and clinical directors. It is expected to illuminate information able to help managers/clinicians to make decisions (e.g., on clinical pathways, on BRP initiatives, on allocating budgets).

Operations Coordinator at Hospitals (acute and post-acute care): Operations coordinators are in charge of planning, management and control of patient flows throughout the different hospital facilities: emergency departments, operating rooms, ambulatory departments, hospital beds and diagnostics. They report to the COO (Chief Operating Officer).

Supply Chain Manager at Hospitals (acute and post-acute care): Supply chain managers are in charge of all activities aimed to optimize the flow of supplies (healthcare and non-healthcare goods) from purchasing to distribution to the end-user. They work closely with the CFO (Chief Financial Officers) for ongoing reporting of key metrics related to efficiency in managing hospital supplies. They report directly to the CEO (Chief Executive Officers).

Primary Care Operations Manager: Primary are operations managers work in walk-in clinics, outpatient clinics and home care programs with strategic roles in the management of operations. They govern both patient flow logistics and materials management. They report directly to the center Director.

Supply Chain Manager in Pharmaceutical and Medical Devices Companies: They are in charge of scheduling, management and control of all the operations supporting the whole value chain from R&D and purchasing to production and distribution. They are required to be consistently informed about demand expectation in order to design consistent supply chain models. They report directly to the CEO (Chief Executive Officers).

Humanitarian Logistician: Humanitarian Logisticians are in charge of the process of planning, implementing and controlling the flow and storage of goods and materials, as well as related information, from the point of origin to the point of consumption for the purpose of alleviating the suffering of vulnerable people in difficult situations. In these contexts (e.g., war areas or developing countries), since logistics department handle tracking of goods through the supply chain, it is often the repository of data that needs be analyzed to understand the overall organization performance. They report directly to the program director.

Quality Officer: They know how to map, evaluate and re-design a process. They act as facilitators in quality improvement projects; particularly to help doctors understand gaps and critical areas in the healthcare delivery process both from a clinical and an organization perspective. They are required to develop and maintain an on-going reporting system about the quality and safety levels of the healthcare delivery processes. They report to the CMO (Chief Medical Officer) or CQO (Chief Quality Officer).

Health Economics and Policy

Health Analytics Manager: develops and implements data-driven solutions to meet business requirements by producing analytics, reports and data sets. Collects data from multiple sources for annual and interim reports. Responsible for assuring the accuracy and validity of both source data and results and transforming results into recommendations. This position interacts with professionals and with the top management of healthcare organizations.

(Market/Cost/Finance/Risk) Data Analyst Officer: interprets data, analyzes results using statistical techniques and provides ongoing reports, develops and implements data collection systems and other strategies that optimize statistical efficiency and data quality, acquires data from primary or secondary sources and maintains databases/data systems, identifies, analyses, and interprets trends or patterns in complex data sets. Works closely with management to prioritize business and information needs. Locates and defines new process improvement opportunities.

Market Access Manager (Pharma and Medtech Industry): this position aims at managing market access for new products, once they have been approved, supporting the following sales force action. A market access manager is expected to: analyze health policies/market trends; understand priorities and needs of relevant stakeholders (e.g., payers, governmental bodies, industry associations, professional associations and other stakeholders) to build trusted relationships; support value dossiers customization to local needs; understand mechanics of local Health Technology Assessment (HTA) processes and development of medical guidelines.

Health Economics and Reimbursement: this position develops and implements reimbursement strategies working with clinical customers, Sales & Marketing and Sales; maintains a comprehensive understanding of different health care systems, including health care financing, reimbursement policies and processes, HTA and trends in policies related to medical devices and/or drugs; establishes and maintains working relationships with key decision makers to positively impact reimbursement decisions for current and future products; provides follow up to appropriate departments to ensure appropriate communication regarding reimbursement activities, requests for information and other related issues; develops and implements reimbursement and health economic strategies for current and future products to ensure successful product launch and adoption, develops and maintains relationships with key surgeon leaders to assist with coding, health economics, HTA and reimbursement initiatives.

Health Economics Analyst/Modeller: plays an integral role in the delivery of market access projects, performing quantitative and qualitative analyses to aid in the development of recommendations. It is a staff position that interacts with professionals and with the top management of companies.

Health Technology Assessment Experts (in private and public healthcare organizations): coordinate and conduct studies in public HTA agencies, hospitals (public and private); aid development of recommendations.

Consultants in Health Economics/HTA: Market Access Manager, Health economics and reimbursement, Health Economics Analyst/Modeller, Health Technology Assessment experts from consultant's perspective.

Health Economics and Outcome Research: this position aims at integrating pre-launch clinical data with economic evidence and real-world data. A health economics and outcome research officer is expected to compile value dossier, to carry out cost-effectiveness and budget impact analysis, to customize evidence to local needs, to support planning and development of projects relying on real-world evidence.

Business Development: this position aims at managing pipelines and addressing Research and Development (R&D) efforts and liaisons towards future profitable market launches. A business developer is expected to manage patents, address future investments, assess the economic value of patent and manage relationships with R&D organizations.

Health Economist: Within the national Public Health Institutes, International Organizations (eg.; WHO, ECDC, CDC) and also the private sector (pharma industries) there is nowadays a high demand for researchers capable of evaluating the economic acceptability of public health measures such as the introduction of new drugs/treatment/devices as well as the implementation of preventive intervention strategies (vaccination/screening). It is normally a an interdisciplinary position as the job holder will have to interact with specialists from different disciplines: medical doctors, epidemiology, immunology, public health researchers and also more technical/quantitative researchers who will be in charge of developing mathematical models. As part of the job, health economists have to investigate, analyze, advise, educate, and develop strategies for generating the appropriate evidence needed to convince physicians, patients, providers, and third-party payers (including government) on the strong economic value of the product or the service to be offered. For this position, a quantitative background is generally not a prerequisite though can be considered as an added value.

Health Economist/Mathematical Modeller: Within national Public Health Institutes, International Organizations (eg.; WHO, ECDC, CDC) and the private sector (pharma industries) there is nowadays a high demand for quantitative researchers capable of building models to support decision making on the introduction of new drugs/treatment/medical devices and of preventive intervention strategies (vaccination/screening). It is normally a an interdisciplinary position as the job holder will have to interact and have an open and effective dialogue with specialists from different disciplines: medical doctors, epidemiology, immunology and public health researchers. A quantitative background is generally not a pre-requisite though the job holder will have to be knowledgeable on cost-effective techniques (decision trees, markov models, etc.) and willing to develop new and appropriate models to address specific research questions and provide useful insights into policy decision making.

Policy

Public Health Officer: combined with background knowledge in epidemiology and medical science, this role aims to improve public health and strengthen abilities to respond to public health threats, outbreaks and emergencies. A public health officer is usually located in a state or local public health agency or department. S/he provides government advice on health matters, reports on the state of the population’s health and often communicates with the public on health issues.

Field Investigator/Research Analyst: combined with analytical skills, strong foundations in epidemiology or other technical degree to allow proper interpretation of data, research analysts are often employed by government organizations or international organizations or private companies. They conduct projects usually related to monitoring the spread of diseases, understanding their causes and complex factors - from socio-economic to educational - and developing solutions.

Health Promotion Coordinator: focused on communication skills and marketing practices, health promotion specialists may be employed by schools, community organizations and the government to spearhead efforts to encourage healthy lifestyles. Their job duties may be diverse and include creating and implementing wellness programs, developing marketing campaigns, completing grant applications and working with a team to formulate a comprehensive response to a health concern or crisis.

Community Health Worker: by taking a more holistic look at public health and a focus on sociology or social science in general, community health workers, often in collaboration with other organizations and partners, deal with the issue of how best to reach vulnerable community members and better allocate resources to underserved populations. They often work to create the network of services needed to ensure access to health care and ongoing support for specific groups.

Technical Officer in Public Health (at the WHO): This position aims at performing an assessment of health research priority-setting exercises led by WHO headquarters, and at creating good practice guidelines for methods and processes of such exercises.

Research Analyst/Associate Scientist (in Pharma Companies): this position involves leading clinical research, and depending on the background education, either running lab projects and drug testing, or executing larger scale research and management projects.

Global Health and Development

Career in Health-related International Organizations: International Organizations include intergovernmental Institutions, such as those belonging to the UN system (WHO, ILO, Unicef, UNAIDS, World Bank, etc.), international NGOs (Oxfam, MSF, Save the Children, etc.), and Global Public Private Partnerships (Global Fund to fight HIV/Aids, tuberculosis and malaria, the GAVI Alliance or GAIN). Jobs in these organizations vary substantially according to the organization, the department or program, the duty station, unit, etc. Field positions tend to be more action based - especially in NGOs – while HQ positions are usually related to knowledge management, production of technical guidelines and policy-making.

Work with Bilateral Development Cooperation agencies: OECD countries have different ways of organizing and implementing their development assistance, nevertheless they generally have one or more dedicated departments or semi-autonomous agencies in their Public Administration (most often related to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs or the Ministry of Economy). They usually employ their nationals in permanent positions, but often open to international consultants for consultancies, short-term positions and field operations (project management). For Europeans, the European Commission may also be an option.

Jobs in the Corporate Sector: Besides the bio-medical industry, employment of professionals with a management, economics and policy profile is still in its pioneering stage. However, multinational corporations may offer employment in three main areas: a) the management of the health services they provide to their workers and families; b) Health Impact Evaluation of their industrial projects; c) development and management of health initiatives linked to their Corporate Social Responsibility programs.

In addition International Consultancies (such as E&Y, McKinsey, etc.) increasingly offer global advisory services in the health sector.